Historical Evidence for King Hoshea
      The Bible records how Hoshea came to power in 2Kings 15:29:
       "In the days of Pekah king of Israel, Tiglath-Pileser king of Assyria came and took Ijon, Abel Beth Maachah, Janoah, Kedesh, Hazor, Gilead, and Galilee, all the land of Naphtali; and he carried them captive to Assyria. Then Hoshea the son of Elah led a conspiracy against Pekah the son of Remaliah, and struck and killed him; so he reigned in his place in the twentieth year of Jotham the son of Uzziah."
       Remarkably this event is confirmed in the annals of the king of Assyria himself, Tiglath-Pileser, whose writings state the following concerning Hoshea:
       "They had overthrown their king Pekah, Hoshea I placed as ruler over them. From him I received a tribute of 10 talents of gold and 1,000 talents of silver."
      This tribute money, paid to the Assyrian Kings, is also mentioned in the Bible. A few years after Hoshea becomes king, Tiglath-Pileser III dies and Shalmaneser IV becomes the next king of Assyria. Hoshea then decides not to send tribute money to Shalmaneser, as he did with Tiglath-Pileser, and as a result the Assyrians attacked Israel.
      2 Kings 17:1-5 states: "In the twelfth year of Ahaz king of Judah, Hoshea the son of Elah became king of Israel in Samaria, and he reigned nine years. And he did evil in the sight of the LORD, but not as the kings of Israel who were before him.
      Shalmaneser king of Assyria came up against him; and Hoshea became his vassal, and paid him tribute money. And the king of Assyria uncovered a conspiracy by Hoshea; for he had sent messengers to So, king of Egypt, and brought no tribute to the king of Assyria, as he had done year by year. Therefore the king of Assyria shut him up, and bound him in prison. Now the king of Assyria went throughout all the land, and went up to Samaria and besieged it for three years."
      The Bible states in 2 Kings 17:6: "In the ninth year of Hoshea, the king of Assyria took Samaria and carried Israel away to Assyria ....."
      The captivity of Samaria is also recorded in Assyrian records. During the siege of Samaria, Shalmaneser died and Sargon became king and continued the siege. An inscription of Sargon found in archaeology states the following:
      "In the first year of my reign I captured Samaria along with 27,290 captives. The foreigners of  lands who had never paid me tribute, I settled in Samaria."
      "Woe to those who go down to Egypt for help, And rely on horses, Who trust in chariots because they are many, And in horsemen because they are very strong, But who do not look to the Holy One of Israel, Nor seek the LORD!  Isaiah 31:1
      "You shall not fear other gods, nor bow down to them nor serve them nor sacrifice to them; "but the LORD, who brought you up from the land of Egypt with great power and an outstretched arm, Him you shall fear, Him you sacrifice. 2 Kings 17:35-36
      This article is a chapter from our 3 volume book series "Bible Believer's Archaeology" which can be downloaded for your ebook reader or mobile device by visiting our resource download page by Clicking Here.
Photo Links to Artifacts Mentioned in this Article
Hoshea and Pekah artifact
Sargon Nimrud Prism
Calah Summary Inscription
mentions Hoshea and Pekah
Sargon's Nimrud Prism
mentions his conquest of Samaria
Ancient Near Eastern Texts Relating to the Old Testament, Editor: James Pritchard, ISBN 0-691-03503-2
pg.284 Mentions the overthrow of Pekah by the people and the installation of Hoshea as king by Toglath Pileaser.
pg.284 Sargon II record of the conquest of Samaria.
Halley's Bible Handbook, Author: Henry H Halley
ISBN 0-310-25720-4
Pg.208  Tiglath-Pileser quote concerning Hoshea,  
Pg.209  Sargon's inscription concerning Samaria,
Pg.210  List of Assyrian kings.
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Evidence from Biblical Archaeology