The plague of boils on Egypt
Moses and Aaron bringing the boil plague before pharaoh
      Evidence for the plague of boils which God
brought upon Egypt may have come to light. In 2009, a fellow researcher, Ed Kaspar, wrote an article in which he proposed that the Exodus Pharaoh was Thutmose II. This is based upon recent CAT scans of the pharaoh's mummy as well as quotes from the original archaeologists that examined the mummy back in 1886 and 1912. The examinations and CAT scans revealed that Thutmose II had scarring on his flesh which may have come from a skin disease consistent with that of boils. Other mummies of individuals who were alive at the same time as Thutmose II were also found to have this same scaring. Those mummies included his wife Queen Hatshepsut, her wet nurse Sitre-In, and her stepson Thutmose III.
      One Biblical timeline when matched up against one commonly used Egyptian Pharaoh timeline also has the Exodus falling on a date very close to the death of Thutmose II. (See link to timeline analysis in the resource section at the end of this article.)  
       To read Ed Kaspar's original article discussing his theory "Click Here" by permission (Copyright 2009 Ed Kaspar)
      If Thutmose II was in fact the Pharaoh of the
Exodus, there are some very interesting coincidences to support this. For example one common Egyptian timeline has Thutmose II dying in 1486 B.C., this would therefore be considered the date of the Exodus. According to the Bible, Moses was 80 years old at that time. Adding 80 Biblical years to 1486 B.C. would give the date of his birth. (Note a Biblical year is based upon a 360 day calender year not 365 days. So 1486 + (80 years x 360/365) = 1565 B.C. the date of Moses birth. The most likely candidate for Pharaoh at this time was a man named Seqenenre Tao. What is interesting about him is that all of his children's names, both sons and daughters, were comprised of the name "mose." Their names were Ahmose, Kamose, Ahmose-Nefertari, Ahmose-Henuttamehu, Ahmose-Sipair, Ahmose-Henutemipet, Ahmose-Meritamon, Ahmose-Nebetta, and Ahmose-Tumerisy.
       Many historians also believe that Seqenenre Tao was the one who began a war against foreigners "Hyksos" in the land of Egypt. This could tie in with the pharaoh's decree to kill Israel's newborn who were considered foreigners in their land. If in fact he was the pharaoh at the time of Moses birth, one his daughters would have been the one who had Moses pulled from the water.      
Pharaoh's daughter drawing Moses from the Nile
      Seqenenre Tao did have a daughter named
Tumerisy who may in fact be the one who adopted Moses. The reason being is that two historians mention the name of pharaohs' daughter and they are similar to that of Tumerisy. The Jewish historian Josephus called her Thermuthis and the church historian Eusebius, quoting from Artapanus in his book "Concerning the Jews." says the daughter of Pharaoh was named "Merris." Merris a shortened form of the name "Tu-Meris-y."
      If the Exodus occurred in 1486 B.C. then
Moses would have likely fled from pharaoh
"Amenhotep I" after killing an Egyptian forty years
earlier in 1526 B.C. Another interesting  coincidence is that during the reigns of Amenhotep and his predecessor Ahmose I, wars were conducted against Kush, better known as Ethiopia. This is interesting because according to Josephus, Moses took part in a military campaign against the Ethiopians before fleeing Egypt. And according to Josephus, that is when Moses met his Ethiopian wife.
      Some question as to whether or not Thutmose II could have been the Exodus pharaoh because he would have had to have a son that perished in the plague on the firstborn of Egypt. To date there is only one known son of Thutmose II, who was Thutmose III. He ruled as pharaoh after him. So unless Thutmose II had another son who died in the plague of the firstborn, it would eliminate him from being the
Exodus pharaoh.
      The other possible candidate for the Exodus
pharaoh would be his father, Thutmose I. His firstborn son, Amenmose, who was also put in charge of the Egyptian army under Thutmose I, did die before the death of his father. Possibly during the plague of the firstborn which led pharaoh to expel the Israelites from Egypt.
      But since Thutmose II along with his wife
Hatshepsut and his son Thutmose III were all alive during the reign of Thutmose I, they would have in fact witnessed the Exodus firsthand. And their mummies may indeed bare the marks of the boil plague which God brought against Egypt.
Thutmose II mummy
Mummy of Thutmose II
MOSES GAVE THE LAW
JESUS FULLFILLED THE LAW:
 
      "Do not think that I came to destroy the Law or the Prophets. I did not come to destroy but to fulfill.
       "For assuredly, I say to you, till heaven and earth pass away, one jot or one tittle will by no means pass from the law till all is fulfilled.  "Whoever therefore breaks one of the least of these commandments, and teaches men so, shall be called least in the kingdom of heaven; but whoever does and teaches them, he shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven."
                                     Matthew 5:17-19 (NKJV)
 
Righteousness does not come by keeping the Law, Jesus declares righteous those who have been crucified with Christ:
 
      "For I through the law died to the law that I might live to God. "I have been crucified with Christ; it is no longer I who live, but Christ lives in me; and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by faith in the Son of God, who loved me and gave Himself for me. "I do not set aside the grace of God; for if  righteousness comes through the law, then Christ died in vain."  Galatians 2:19-21 (NKJV)
 
THE JUST SHALL LIVE BY FAITH
 
     "For as many as are of the works of the law are under the curse; for it is written, "Cursed is everyone who does not continue in all things which are written in the book of the law, to do them."  But that no one is justified by the law in the sight of God is evident, for "the just shall live by faith."
       Yet the law is not of faith, but "the man who does them shall live by them." Christ has redeemed us from the curse of the law, having become a curse for us (for it is written, "Cursed is everyone who hangs on a tree"), that the blessing of Abraham might come upon the Gentiles in Christ Jesus, that we might receive the promise of the Spirit through faith . . . Therefore the law was our tutor to bring us to Christ, that we might be justified by faith. But after faith has come, we are no longer under a tutor. For you are all sons of God through faith in Christ Jesus." Galatians 3:10-26 (NKJV)
 
REDEEMED FROM THE LAW
 
      "But when the fullness of the time had come, God sent forth His Son, born of a woman, born under the law, to redeem those who were under the law, that we might receive the adoption as sons. And because you are sons, God has sent forth the Spirit of His Son into your hearts, crying out, "Abba, Father!" Galatians 4:4-6 (NKJV)
      This article is a chapter from our 3 volume book series "Bible Believer's Archaeology" which can be downloaded for your ebook reader or mobile device by visiting our resource download page by Clicking Here.
Resources:
 
The Holy Bible, Author: The Lord God
Scripture taken from the New King James Version unless noted.
 
Article: “Evidence of the Exodus, Scars from the Plague of Boils”
Click here to read article by Author; Ed Kaspar  
http://www.biblehistory.net/Exodus_Evidence.pdf
copyright © 2009 Ed Kaspar
 
Discovery Channel video “Secrets of Egypt’s Lost Queen”
Cat scans of Thutmose II, Hatshepsut, Sitre-In, and  Thutmoses III
 
Analysis of 4 possible Exodus scenarios (Matching 2 proposed Bibical timelines against 2 Commonly used Egyptian Pharaoh timelines)
Click here to see timeline analysis
http://www.biblehistory.net/Exodus_Date.pdf
Author: John Argubright
 
Josephus The Essential Writings, Author: Paul Maier,
ISBN 0-8254-2964-1
pg. 48 pharaoh’s daughter named “ther-muthis (moses)”
pg.49-50 Moses battle in Ethiopia and his Ethiopian wife
 
Inscription of Ameni account of famine during Sesostris I reign.
http://reshafim.org.il/ad/egypt/texts/ameni.htm  (2009)
 
Artwork: The Plague of Boils Illustrated in Histoirie de LAeronautique (1938) Author: Charles & Bouche, Henry Dollfus.
 
Artwork: Pharaohs daughter drawing Moses from the water Illustrated in The Child Bible being a consecutive Arrangement of the Bible (1884). Author: Dr. J.H. Vincent, Publisher: Castle and Company.
 
Artwork: Mummy of Thutmoses II: Illustrated in The Book of History - Volume 5" pg. 2069 Publisher- The Grolier Society.
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